[1]张晨晨,刘滋,董大忠,等.深层海相页岩脆性特征分析与表征[J].新疆石油地质,2019,(05):555.[doi:10.7657/XJPG20190508]
 ZHANG Chenchen,LIU Zi,DONG Dazhong,et al.Brittleness Analysis and Characterization of Deep Marine Shales[J].Xinjiang Petroleum Geology,2019,(05):555.[doi:10.7657/XJPG20190508]
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深层海相页岩脆性特征分析与表征()
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《新疆石油地质》[ISSN:1001-3873/CN:65-1107/TE]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
555
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-10-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Brittleness Analysis and Characterization of Deep Marine Shales
文章编号:
1001-3873(2019)05-0555-09
作者:
张晨晨1刘滋1董大忠2王玉满2蒋珊3管全中4
(1. 中铁第六勘察设计院集团有限公司,天津 300308;2.中国石油 勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;3. 中国石化 经济技术研究院,北京 100029;4.中国石油大学(北京) 地球科学学院,北京 102249)
Author(s):
ZHANG Chenchen1 LIU Zi1 DONG Dazhong2 WANG Yuman2 JIANG Shan3 GUAN Quanzhong4
(1.China Railway Liuyuan Group CO., LTD., Tianjin 300308, China; 2.Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, PetroChina, Beijing 100083, China; 3.Economics & Development Research Institute, Sinopec, Beijing 100029, China; 4.School of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China)
关键词:
四川盆地五峰组龙马溪组深层海相页岩脆性围压力学脆性指数
Keywords:
Sichuan basin Wufeng formation Longmaxi formation deep marine shale brittleness confining pressure mechanical brittleness index
分类号:
TE112
DOI:
10.7657/XJPG20190508
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对中国南方深层海相页岩气开发尚未突破的现实,以四川盆地五峰组—龙马溪组页岩为研究对象,聚焦深层海相页岩的脆性表征,建立了基于全应力—应变曲线的脆性定量评价指标,以峰值应变和峰后坡降陡度分别表示页岩发生脆性破坏的难易程度和充分程度。在此基础上,通过对硅质页岩、钙质硅质页岩、钙质页岩和黏土质硅质页岩开展高围压三轴压缩岩石力学实验,明确了围压对页岩脆性的影响,建立了适用于研究区深层海相页岩的脆性评价方法,开展了深浅层页岩脆性对比。结果表明,低围压时,围压主要表现为对页岩抗压强度的强化,脆性随围压增加而增强,高围压时,围压则主要表现为对裂缝产生与扩展的抑制,脆性随围压增加而减弱;以弹性参数为岩性指示因子,以断裂韧性为围压指示因子,建立了力学脆性指数,可作为矿物法和弹性参数法的补充,有效应用于3 500 m以深页岩储集层的脆性评价;硅质页岩和钙质硅质页岩在4 500~5 000 m仍具有优质储集层的潜力,但是深层海相页岩脆性的弱化使得优质储集层厚度减小。
Abstract:
Aiming at the challenges of deep-marine shale gas development in the southern China, and taking the Wufeng-Longmaxi shale in the Sichuan basin as the research object, the paper focuses on the brittleness analysis and characterization of deep marine shale, establishes a quantitative assessment index of shale brittleness based on the complete stress-strain curve, and uses the peak strain and steepness of post-peak slope as indicators to express the degrees of brittle failure complexity and adequacy, respectively. Then according to the results of high-confining-pressure triaxial compression tests for main shale lithofacies including siliceous shale, calcareous-siliceous shale, calcareous shale and clay-siliceous shale, the paper analyzes the influence of confining pressure on shale brittleness, establishes a brittleness evaluation method for deep marine shales and compares the brittleness of deep and shallow shale reservoirs. The results show that under low confining pressure, the pressure mainly enhances the compressive strength of the shale and the shale brittleness increases with the enhancement of the confining pressure; while under high confining pressure, the pressure mainly restrains the initiation and propagation of fractures and the shale brittleness decreases with the weakening of the confining pressure; using elastic parameters as the indicators of lithology and fracture toughness as an indicator of confining pressure, a mechanical brittleness index is established, which can be effectively used in the brittleness evaluation of the deep shale reservoirs below 3 500 m as the supplementary of the mineral method and elastic parameter method; the siliceous shale and calcareous-siliceous shale still have the potential to be favorable reservoirs at the depth of 4 500-5 000 m. However, the deep marine shales have thinner “sweet spot” layers and lower development potential due to the brittleness weakening

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-08